Warning: spoilers for Giant-Size X-Men: Thunderbird #1 are ahead! The mutants of Marvel Comics' X-Men team have long been used as a stand-in for marginalized groups in society.
While some mutants are born with their powers, others manifest them at a point of intense stress during adolescence. This origin in particular has been used several times in X-Men comics to address topics such as racism, anti-Semitism, homophobia, ableism, gender-based violence, and more.
As such, because of the tie between marginalized identities and mutant identities in X-Men comics, it is safe to say that many mutants' superpowers are symptomatic of the oppression they face in society.
But with the X-Men now in an unprecedented era of peace and prosperity, this idea is being rewritten. Currently, the X-Men are living peacefully on the island nation of Krakoa, a safe haven for mutants where everyone is essentially immortal, due to their society's ability to resurrect their dead.Read more on screenrant.com